Since her independence, successive Governments of Myanmar have carried out counter narcotic measures, effectively exercising the legislative, administrative, and judicial authority of the State.

Since the first war of British colonial aggression in 1824 resulting in 124 years of colonial servitude, Myanmar-till the day she regained her independence-suffered not only the military, economic and political Oppression of the British, but also the British 'divide and rule' policy which aimed to prolong this servitude through dividing the Myanmar national groups, using various military, political, economic, racial and social means. Because of it's colonial legacy, when independence was regained in 1948, the government had to face both external interference and internal insurgency almost simultaneously.

As the narcotics problem also arose with the above two evils, spreading into the military, political, economic, and social spheres, Myanmar Governments have steadfastly endeavoured to combat narcotics while simultaneously safeguarding Myanmar's independence and sovereignty.

In combating narcotics, the successive Myanmar Governments have implemented plans and programmes which took into account the military, political, social, and economic dimensions of this problem.