The New Light of
Thursday, 23 December, 1999
efforts required to root out narcotic
The Myanmar Government has designated
narcotic drug eradication as a national task since 1988. The country has enhanced its
anti-narcotics efforts when Amphetamine tablets and related materials and equipment started to enter illegally
The global drug producers are turning to Amphetamine Type Stimulant (ATS) tablets which
can be made easily and is a more profitable drug business.
Ephedrine, which is used as the main raw material in producing Amphetamine, other
chemicals and- advanced equipment were never manufactured in Myanmar.
But there is smuggling of these materials into Myanmar by drug traffickers from the
ATS has been a drug problem in countries such as Thailand, the Philippines, Japan and
Korea since a decade ago.
But Myanmar began to face the problem of ATS only near the end of 1996. Ephedrine
was first seized in Myanmar in that year.
Rough terrain, mountainous areas and difficult access in most remote regions of border
areas have made dens for drug producers and traffickers at Myanmar’s long borders with other
countries. Most of the ATS trafficking routes and factories are located in far flung border areas
difficult to access.
The authorities seized 15.06 million Amphetamine tablets in 1998 and 2618 kilos of Ephedrine
in i998 at the-border areas. In 1999, it seized 22.43 million tablets of Amphetamine and
6336 kilos of Ephedrine.
With the active participation of the people, Myanmar has collected the base-line data on
poppy cultivation and drug addicts in the nation in 1988 as a means to wipe out the danger of
The authorities have also drawn the 15-year project to root out the poppy growing areas and
narcotic drugs abuse in 50 townships in Shan State, Kachin State, Kayah State and Chin State
Poppy cultivation has reduced to a significant
degree in Myanmar in 1998. According to data collected jointly by officials of Myanmar and the
United States, it is found that the decline in poppy cultivation in Myanmar is 16 per cent in 1998
and 31 per cent in 1999 and the narcotics production is 26 per cent in 1998 and 38 per cent in 1999.
Efforts are under way to declare Kokang region in Shan State (North) as one more opium
free zone. Cultivation of buckwheat has been successfully introduced in the region with the
assistance of Japan.
As the danger of narcotic drugs ATS, heroin or- whatever, they concern the international
community, it should be wiped out by all nations on the planet. It will not be fair if the blame is put
on a single nation alone.
Thus, we firmly believe that instead of pointing a finger at others, all the nations big or small
should make efforts to end the trafficking of various types of narcotic drugs including