10th Destruction of Narcotic Drugs Ceremony

10th Destruction of Narcotic
Drugs Ceremony , 9-Feb-96, Yangon


  • Secretary-1 of the State Law
    and Order Restoration Council and members
  • Resident Representatives of UN
  • Diplomats and Military
  • Special Guest Mr. Giorgio
    Giacomelli, Executive Director of the UN Drug Control Programme
  • Representatives of the UN Drug
    Control Programme
  • Foreign Media Personnel
  • Local Media Personnel
  • Other Guests

    Report presented by Police Colonel Ngwe Soe
    Tun, Joint Secretary of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control at the
    Tenth Destruction of Narcotic Drugs seized by Law Enforcement Agencies


    Esteemed Secretary-1 and
    Members of the State Law and Order Restoration Council, Vice-Chairmen and
    Members of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control, Heads of
    Departments, our special guest Mr. Giorgio Giacomelli, Executive Director of
    UNDCP, Resident Representatives of United Nations Agencies, Members of the
    Corps of Diplomats, media personnel and invited guests;

    Let me first convey our
    thanks, on behalf’of the CCDAC, to all of you, for giving some of your
    valuable time to attend today’s significant occasion, at which narcotic
    drugs seized within the Union of Myanmar will be publicly set ablaze for the
    tenth time.

    Esteemed guests,

    Today’s report will he
    presented in two parts. the first of which will be by me. For the second
    portion, I will give the flooi to Police Colonel Maung Maung Than, Director
    of the Criminal Investigation Division and member of the Law Enforcement

    Esteemed guests,

    I will first bring to your
    notice that the Union of Myanmar has undertaken drug eradication measures
    according to the Two-point National Strategy for Narcotic Drugs Control. In
    doing so, the CCDAC has delegated its authority to ten sectors and to
    regional supervisory groups I-roni the state/division down to the village

    In accord with the two point
    National Strategy, the CCDAC has outlined three principal duties, naiiicly
    supply reduction, demand reduction and last but not the least, law
    enforcement. In today’s presentation, achievements in the law enforcement
    sector will necessarily be given emphasis.

    The State Law and Order
    Restoration Council promulgated its Law No.1/93, which is the Narcotic Drugs
    and Psychotmpic Substances Law 1993, to meet the demands of time. Sections
    (7) and (8) of Chapter Four of this law provides for the formation of a Law
    Enforcement Supervisory Cornndttee, the Law Enforcement Sector and special
    narcotic task forces.

    The Conunittee for Management
    of Administrative Reforms In the Myanmar Police Force, in resolution 3/94 of
    Its coordination meeting held on 24 June 1994, specified narcotic drugs
    control as an objective of the Myanmar Police Force, In addition to its
    primary duty of ensuring the role of law and prevalence of community peace.

    Therefore, combating the
    scourge of narcotic drugs has become the prime task of Myanmar Police Force
    both by virtue of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law 1993,
    and also by mandate.

    In practice, the Defense
    Services has taken the leading role in striving for a drug-free land, hand
    in hand with the Myanmar Police Force, the Customs Department, regional
    authorities and the entire public. This is to say that drug eradication is
    given top preference as a national duty.

    Esteemed guests,

    The list of narcotic drugs
    and psychotropic substances seized from traffickers within the period 18
    September 1988 and end of 1995 is as follows;

    • Opium 13,808.29 kg
    • Morphine 126.20kg
    • Heroin 1,815.82 kg
    • Opium oil 58.15 kg
    • Liquid opium 91.66 kg
    • Marijuana 5,673.44; kg
    • Phensedyl 29,834.91litres
    • Cough mixtures containing
      Codeine 446.47 litres
    • Acetic anhydride 4,694.24
      gallons and
    • Other precursor chemicals
      1,721.80 gallons
    • In 26,223 drug offences,
      46,997 male and
    • 8,948 female offenders
      were convicted, making a total of 55,945.

    Esteemed guests,

    During the same period,
    26,370.24 acres of poppy fields were destroyed countrywide, including
    25,258.26 acres from Shan States. A total of 20 opium refineries were also

    Narcotic drugs destroyed in
    14 separate occasions by the duty-conscious national races residing in the
    border areas are as follows;

    • Heroin 379.5529 kg
    • Morphine 181.00 kg
    • Opium 328,913 kg
    • Phensedyl 689.75 litres
    • Acetic anhydride 65.00
    • Poppy fields 7,336.00

    together with other precursor
    chemicals, various refineryqitensils and 20 opium refineries.

    Esteemed guests,

    Allow me to elucidate to
    which extent the Myanmar Defence Services has sacrificed life and limb in
    the noble task of eradicating the threat of narcotic drugs. During the
    tenure of the State Law and Order Restoration Council,

    • Heroin 443.6759 kg
    • Opium 5131.7496 kg
    • Opium oil/Liquid opium
      81.5033 kg
    • Phensedyl 807,405 litres
    • Marijuana 327.8344 kg
    • Acetic anhydride 970.74
    • Acid 4,233.60 litres were

    26,370.24 acres of poppy
    fields were mowed down and 6 opium refineries were destroyed.

    During the 857 engagements
    with drug traffickers, 16 officers and 569 other ranks from the Tatmadaw
    (Armed Forces) made supreme sacrifice for the country; 55 officers and 1,771
    other ranks were wounded in battle.

    Enemy casualties amounted to
    759 captured dead, 135 captured alive, 275 surrendered and 787
    assortedweapons seized.

    These figures stand witness
    how the Tatmadaw (Armed Forces), with a fine and glorious tradition behind
    it, is carrying out drug eradication as a national duty. These relentless
    efforts and deliberate offensives brought about the unconditional
    renunciation of armed struggle by the Mong Tai Army (MTA) led by U Khun Sa
    very recently. Updated to 31 January 1996, a total of 12,690 members of MTA
    have brought in 7,5 10 assorted arms and returned to legalfold. Many more
    are also coming in daily.

    Esteemed guests,

    I would like to quote the
    Secretary- 1 of the State Law & Order Restoration Council, who, in his
    capacity as the Chairman of the National Health Committee, addressed his
    immediate audience at the opening session of the 42 nd Myanmar Medical
    Association on 18 January 1996. He said;

    ” Let me, at this
    opportune moment, expound the efforts of the State in eradicating the abuse,
    supply and trafficking of narcotic drugs, which are the cardinal causes of
    deterioration of the health, physical fitness and moral character of the
    entire new generation.

    Poppy cultivation, operation
    of opium dens and trading of opium was first legalised by the imperialist
    administration. Later on, renegade KMT troops which were forced out of
    mainland China trespassed our borders, and with the clandestine assistance
    of a self-styled “champion of democracy” superpower, camped within
    Myanmar territory and took to destructive acts. They made easy living by
    growing poppy, processing opium and trafficking it out of the country, thus
    greatly promoting the drug trade.

    These malicious super powers
    were soon alarmed when the destructive impact of narcotic drugs knocked on
    their own door; only then they took to the evil option of heaping the blame
    on our country.

    Furthermore, these derogatory
    elements took pains to belittle, hinder and slander the efforts of the State
    Law & Order Restoration Council as regards narcotic drugs control. They
    even stood in the way so as to seal off international assistance in this

    The international conununity
    is well aware of our efforts exerted in a national scale, not excluding the
    gallantry of the Myanmar Defence Services ; the lives and limbs they had
    sacrificed in the cause of making this country a drug free land.
    Irrespective of the hardships encountered, the Defence Services have
    dauntlessly stood in the vanguard of narcotic drug control, and will keep on
    doing so.

    In the closing days of 1995,
    our Defence Forces launched a major offensive in the Myanmar-Thai border
    regions infested by U Khun Sa’s Mong Tai Army. This group not only
    understood the futility of armed conflict against the Tatmadaw (Armed
    Forces), but also the abhorrent nature and the evil impact of drug
    trafficking on humanity; they began to realize the benevolent volition of
    the government on the national brethren and the vindictive nation-building
    endeavours that are bearing fruit day by day. Thus the MTA, commencing 5
    January 1996, unconditionally turned in their arsenals to the government and
    entered the legalfold. The international community should indeed rejoice in
    this event which would certainly lead to the reduction of drug trade to a
    considerable extent.

    We have leant that the United
    States spent millions of dollars in drug control measures taken along the
    Myanmar-Thai border for the last thirty years. The effectiveness of these
    measures can be gauged by the volume of narcotic drugs finding their way
    into the world drug market. The renunciation of drug trade by the MTA is a
    feather in our cap; the Myanmar government, standing on its own feet, has
    achieved the total eradication of opium cultivation and drug trafficking in
    Loilang and Homain regions along the Myanmar -Thai border. The truth is
    glaring right into our faces. Our success in causing U Khun Sa’s return to
    the legalfold amounts to delivering humanity from the horrid threat of
    narcotic drugs.

    The Union of Myanmar will
    carry on with her dedication to the total elimination of drugs from the
    surface of the earth; on the other hand, we welcome U Khun Sa’s MTA, who are
    our own blood brethren. We will look after them well on humanitarian grounds
    and for the sake of national spirit.

    I would like to exhort all
    medical practitioners not to lose sight of the govemment’s efforts aimed at
    the health and physical fitness of the next generation; to keep in pace with
    the objective situation and recent developments in the field of drug abuse
    control; to see through the wily schemes designed by vicious elements
    lurking behind drug cartels; and to ward off attempts to undermine our
    diligent efforts in drug eradication.

    The State Law & Order
    Restoration Council, with complete reliance on the unity within the country,
    is determined to carry out the nation-building task it has set out for,
    regardless of whatever obstacles that lie en route. I invite all the social
    volunteers of Myanmar Medical Association to lend us a hand and join in this
    noble task with full vigour and vitality.”

    Esteemed guests,

    Only when the standard of
    living of the national races residing in the farflung border areas is
    promoted, then there can be gradual elimination of poppy cultivation in
    those localities. To this end, the government has drawn up and implemented
    border area development projects on an extensive scale. Up to 21 January
    1996, the government expenditure for the development of border areas is K
    3,353.61 million.

    The Central Committee for the
    Development of Border Areas and National Races (CCDBANR) had spent K.5.8
    million on Myanmar/ThailUNDCP joint programme in Tachilek/Ahdee/Santu areas,
    and K.37.912 million on Myanmar/China/LTNDCP joint programme in Mongyang/Silu/Pangkai

    A pilot project for the
    development of southern Wa region, i.e. Hotaung and Mongphyan in Mongyang
    Township, is also launched. A 5-year project will soon follow.

    Recognizing the sincere
    efforts of the Goverment to develop and upgrade the socioeconomic status of
    the border areas , the national races residing in those areas have responded
    by designating the whole of Kachin State, and Pang Kham, Wam Tip, Ho Tan, Na
    Wee, wing Kaung, Lai Saw, ban Ti in the Wa Region; Maing La, Maing Ma, Nam
    Pan, Wan Kyin, Sam Tamk in the Eastern Shan State Region as “OPIUM FREE
    ZONE” and combatting narcotic drugs with momentum.

    Esteemed guests,

    I will now go on to the
    international relations sector. The Union of Myanmar became a state party to
    the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 on 29 July 1963; to the
    Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 on 20 December 1995; and to
    the 1988 UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
    Psychotropic Substances on 9 September 1991. Myanmar had also cooperated
    with UNFDAC for 15 years, from 1976 till 1991, and still doing so with UNDCP.

    Esteemed guests,

    The Union of Myanmar sent
    delegates to the 17th special session of the United Nations General Assembly
    convened at New York in February 1990 and the World Ministerial Sunmiit held
    in London in April of the same year. It was resolved at these two sessions
    that all participating countries should cooperate in drug control matters on
    subregional, regional and global scales.

    In line with the resolutions,
    Myanmar, in addition to domestic endeavours, cooperated with her next-door
    neighbours, People’s Republic of China and Thailand. Our efforts gained
    recognition at, the 36th session of the UN Narcotics Commission held in
    Vienna, Austria, on 29 March 1993.

    Esteemed guests.

    The Union of Myanmar has
    signed agreements to participate in Myanmar/Thai and Myanmar/ChinaMDCP drug
    control programnies on 12 June 1992 in -Yangon. In addition to these two
    main projects, a pilot project as proposed by UNDCP was implemented in
    southern Wa region within the period October 1994 to October 1995. Then the
    project was extended for another six months. A multifaceted 5-year plan is
    now under way for the development of this region.

    Esteemed guests.

    Myanmar, China, Laos and
    Thailand, together with representatives of UNDCP, signed a MoU to control
    illicit trafficking and abuse of narcotic drugs at the UN Headquarters, New
    York on 26 October 1993. High level officials from the four countries met in
    Vientiane on 31 June and I July 1994 to discuss follow up actions on the MoU.
    The draft plan drawn up by the UNDCP has now been agreed upon by the
    signatory countries.

    Esteemed guests.

    The ministerial conference of
    the four member nations was held in Beijing, People’s Republic of China, on
    27 May 1995. The highlight of the conference was thejoining in of Cambodia
    and Vietnam, elevating the four-nation subregional endeavour to regional

    At this conference UNDCP
    outlined 6 enforcement programmes, 2 on supply reduction and 3 on demand
    reduction, making a total of 11. Out of these, the Programme for Reduction
    of Drug Abuse among Hill Tribes in East Asia and the Programme on
    Controlling Precursor Chemicals are under perusal by member nations
    including Myanmar.

    Esteemed guests.

    While cooperating with UN
    agencies as well as countries in the subregion, the Union of Myanmar has
    also signed agreements with her immediate neighhours, namely India,
    Bangladesh and Vietnam. Myanmar and the Russian Federation have made plans
    to exchange drug-related intelligence and for mutual cooperation.

    Esteemed guests

    Before I conclude the first
    parl of the presentation, I would like to make a clarion call to our good
    friends ;” Countries of the world unite-to fight the scourge of
    narcotic drugs’.

    Thank you.

    Report presented by Police
    Colonel Maung Maung Than, Director of the Criminal Investigation Department
    and Member of the Law Enforcement Sector, CCDAC

    Esteemed guests,

    I am honoured to be allowed
    to carry on with the second part of the report. I am Police Colonel Maung
    Maung Than, Director of the Criminal Investigation Department, Myamnar
    Police Force, and member of the Law Enforcement Sector of CCDAC.

    The Myanmar Defense Services,
    the Myanmar Police Force and the Customs Department, in their line of duty
    to eradicate drug abuse in our country, has confiscated a substantial amount
    of narcotic drugs, which were handed over to CID after the trial of cases in

    I will first present to you
    the list of narcotic drugs soon to be set ablaze for the tenth fim in your
    esteemed presence.

    1471.372 kg
    82.707 kg
    Opium oil                                     
    12.131 kg
    Liquid opium                                 
    0.876 kg
    197.396 kg
    1918.552 litres
    Cough mixtures containing
    opium    112.336 litres
    Injections containing opium            
    150 ampoules

    Esteemed guests,

    Now I will read out the
    accumulated list of narcotic drugs already destroyed in the nine previous
    occasions plus those to be destroyed today.

    11,146,752 kg
    1,537,293 kg
    63,435 kg
    Opium Oil                                     
    82,031 kg
    Liquid opium                                 
    117,888 kg
    4,082,168 kg
    25,170,899 litres
    Cough mixtures containing
    opium    672,295 litres
    Injections containing opium            
    953 ampoules

    Esteemed guests.

    Please feel free to inspect
    the seized drugs displayed before you prior tc torching these drugs with
    your own hands. I will now cut my report short for the great event, with a
    solemn promise that drugs seized in the future will be similarly dealt with.

    Thank you very much.