12th Destruction of Sized Narcotic Drugs

12th Destruction of Sized Narcotic Drugs, (27-Feb-98),

  • Presentation by the Secretary of the Central Committee
    for Drug Abuse Control Director-General of the Myanmar Police Force Colonel Soe
    Win at the ceremony for the 12th Destruction of Sized Narcotic Drugs.

    Distinguished Dignitaries Gracing
    the Occasion

    State Peace and Development
    Council Secretary-1, Chairman, Vice Chairman and Member of the Central Committee
    for Drug Abuse Control, Military and Civil Heads of departments, Resident
    Representatives of United Nations Agencies, diplomats, military attaches, local
    and foreign correspondents, specially invited guests from the Association of
    South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).

    I am Colonel Soe Win,
    Director-General of the Myanmar Police Force, Secretary of the Central Committee
    for Drug Abuse Control.

    On behalf of the Central
    Committee for Drug Abuse Control may I express my gratitude to all of you for
    giving your time to attend this ceremony for the 12th Destruction of Seized
    Drugs, and may I also wish you peace both in body and mind.

    Distinguished Guests

    The presentation today is in two
    parts. First, I will present to you on the behalf of the CCDAC the latest facts
    and figures concerning endeavours by Myanmar to eradicate drugs. The second part
    will be presentation by CCDAC member Police Colonel Manng Maung Than of the CID
    concerning drugs to be destroyed today.

    Distinguished Guests

    At this point I shall not be
    elaborating on the poppy cultivation problem of who started it and how it was
    initiated in Myanmar because most of the Dinstinguished Guests attending this
    Ceremony are fully Conversant with them “

    Distinguished Guests

    A proper study of efforts in
    Myanmar for drug eradication through the ages would show, as attested by Royal
    Decrees, that ancient Myanmar monarchs passed the death sentence on opium eaters
    and traffickers. After regaining our national independence, the Government of
    the Union of Myanmar instituted measures for eradication of the drug habit and
    social rehabilitation of addicts within five years. The Revolutionary Council
    promulgated the 1974 Narcotic Drugs Law and enforced it.

    In the time of the Government of
    the Socialist Republic of the Union of Myannar, measures were taken with a
    national outlook, with the formation and activation of the central committee,
    work committees and regional committees. United Nations Drug Control Programme,
    other organizations and nations including the United States cooperated.

    In the time of the State Law and
    Order Restoration Council, the central committee and work committees were
    reconstituted and measures were taken according to two strategies and three
    tactics. Specially with the conviction that with the socioeconomic uplift of the
    opium poppy cultivators in the border areas there will be eradication of poppy
    cultivation, a separate ministry was established. Furthermore, the Chairman of
    the State Peace and Development Councils Senior General Than Shwe the Central
    Committee for the Development of Border Areas and National Races and the
    Secretary (1) is the Chairman of the Work Committee for the Development of
    Border Areas and National Races, totally spending over eight billion kyats.
    Effort were made in 1991 under a six-year plan to turn the Mongla region in Shan
    State (East) into an Opium Free Zone, and it was achieved on 22 April 1997.
    Similar efforts are being continually made to turn Kokang and Wa regions into
    Opium Free Zones in the very near future. Moreover, projects are being
    implemented with the cooperation of tire United Nations Drug Control Programme
    and other organizations and neighbouring countries for regional development,
    eradication and demand reduction and in addition projects in the region and
    sub-regions on the strength of MoUs involving three states and six states
    respectively are being implemented and also in cooperation with members of the
    Association of South East Asian Nations.

    In the time of the State Peace
    and Development Council, the Central Committee was reconstituted, specially in
    line with the policy to involve ministers and deputy ministers, personally
    providing leadership. Tire CCDAC, in building up the momentum of narcotic drugs
    eradication and long-term success has implemented Base line Data Collection
    projects on poppy cultivation and drug addicts.

    To sum up, it was the British and
    the Americans who got the nationals involved in drugs, and beginning with
    divide-and-rule administrative policy, they implemented schemes to destroy
    national unity Therefore, I would like you, Distinguished Guests, to reason for
    yourselves and decide as to “Who is the real culprit”

    Distinguished guests

    With a view to honouring the
    upcoming 53rd Anniversary Armed Forces Day, I would now like to present the role
    of the Tatmadaw in measures for drug eradication.

    Our Tatmadaw is a National Army
    born of the freedom struggle.

    The internal insurrection that
    was spawned by the colonialists after we regained independence in 1948 was
    further aggravated after 1970 because of their support and the trafficker and
    the insurgent became inseparable.

    A glance back at history would
    show that after the Kuomintang (Nationalist Chinese) were beaten in 1949 and had
    to flee from China, some KMT Divisions intruded into northern and eastern Shan
    State at the behest and support of the Central Intelligence Agency in line with
    tits scheme to make forays into mainland China, using Myanmar as base. The
    Myanma Tatmadaw had to launch operations Naganaing, Yangyiaung, Bayintnaung,
    Mekong, etc to drive the intruders out. The remnants of the KMT organized local
    insurgents in die area and were active together. To sustain their basic needs
    and arsenals, the KMT stragglers forced tile local people to cultivate opium
    poppy. The refined opium into its derivatives brown sugar and heroin. which they
    trafficked. The main market was the other country which had good ports, airports
    and connections via which the drugs found their way to other countries.

    Distinguished Guests

    I would like to lay emphasis on
    the fact that introduction of drugs and their trafficking started with the
    schemes of the British colonialists and the Americans with cultivation and
    trafficking committed by insurgents of different eras, tile KMT insurgents and
    lastly the BCP insurgents financing themselves through profits of the poppy,
    refining it into heroin and brown sugar and trafficking them.

    In Myanmar, Drugs and insurgents
    existed side by side. Ethnic insurgent groups were formed and some of those
    groups cultivated opium poppy, produced opiates, and trafficked them
    extensively. Therefore, beginning with the operations against the KMT in 1948-49
    right up to the operations against insurgent traffickers today, our Tatmadaw has
    been sacrificing sweat and blood, and lives.

    In combating the spread of drugs,
    we have launched Operations Mehlone, Ngayepan and Taunghteikpan which involved
    manual destruction of crops, and Operation Taungyanshin which involved aerial

    In operations to seek out and
    destroy opium refineries on the border, there was Special Operation Mohein with
    regional action in 12 phases from 26 April 1976 to 24 April 1988 that took our
    troops into Kengtung, Tachilek, Mongton and Monghsat in eastern Shan State and
    also the Thai border.

    The 12-year period saw 159 major
    and minor battles in which 205 enemy were captured dead and 18 alive, together
    with an assortment of 294 arms and 70607 assorted ammunition, 5,453.9 kilos raw
    opium, 159.61 kilos heroin, large amounts of precursor chemicals and

    On our side, 109 sacrificed their
    lives and 572 were wounded. That is the record of Operation Mohein.

    Distinguished Guests

    Since 1989, armed national
    groups, realizing that their acts had adversely affected national unity and also
    hindered development in their areas and their socio-economic life, decided to
    seek peace and work together with the Tatmadaw Government for development of
    their areas. So far, 16 armed groups have exchanged arms for peace and are
    working with the Government for regional development.

    At the same time, the Tatmadaw
    mounted operations from 1994 to 1996 in the Tachilek, Mongton, Monghkat acid
    border areas of eastern Shan State to crush the Mong Tai Army of drug

    In those operations, 468 enemy
    were capture dead, together with 189 assorted weapons, 12,637 assort~9d
    ammunition and 1,078 assorted bombs. On our side, 766, including 20 officers
    sacrificed their lives and 2,292 including 81 officers were wounded. Them were –
    166 contacts with the enemy. The Tatmadaw, employing military and organizational
    means, effectively saw to the surrender of the Mong Tai Army led by U Khun Sa,
    with a strength exceeding 15,000 bringing in about 10,000 assorted arms and a
    large cache of ammo in different parts of Shan State.

    In other words, they exchanged
    arms for peace. For them and other similar armed groups who thus exchanged arms
    for peace, the Government has facilitated active participation in rehabilitation
    and development.

    Distinguished Guest

    These endevours have been made
    with objectives aimed at achieving national unity, regional development and drug

    A quick run-though of Myanmar*s
    drug eradication endeavours would provide the following evidence.

    In 1996, 1,300.002 kilo opium,
    504.6033 kilo heroin, 13,809 kilos brown sugar, 263.786 kilos marijuana and 5.9
    million tablets amphetamine were seized. That was the highest record chalked up
    between 1988 and 1996. However, compared to that, the record in 1997 included
    seizure of 7883.97 kilos (over 7 tons) raw opium, 1,401.08 kilos (over one ton)
    heroin, while in the previous year only about four tons and destroyed 33 heroin
    refineries, together with presursor chemicals and paraphernalia, as also those
    used in production of amphetamines. Therefore, our endevadour in 1997 netted the
    highest cost.

    Distinguished Guests

    The credit for such success by
    the Tatmadaw in 1997 is due to its endeavour in operations thus capturing heroin
    refineries, exposing contraband opium, the Military Intelligence working in
    concert with the police, the Customs and regional organizations, working in

    Therefore, we put on record here
    and honour the Tatmadaw, the Police, Customs and other Organizations which

    Distinguished Guests

    We are using our own resources to
    develop the whole country, it is necessary for the international community to
    study the true face about our country ru14 instead of accusations, help in the
    fight against the dangers of narcotic drug.

    Distinguished Guest

    CCDAC feels that the dangers of
    narcotic drugs is a problem of the whole of mankind and not just that of one
    country. We are ready to cooperate with any country that have the basic good

    Myanmar has cooperated with the
    U.S in Conducting four opium yield survey between 1993 and 1998.

    Distinguished Guest

    In the endeavonrs for eradication
    of hard drugs, the following data stands out:

    Although there was assistance
    from various countries from 1974 to 1988, the areas where there were poppy
    cultivations and where opium way refined into brown sugar and heroin remained
    under insurgent control. Therefore, operations only for drug control and
    eradication were possible and regional development could not be undertaken. For
    instance, when roads and bridges, hospitals and clinics and schools were built,
    the insurgents got in the way or destroyed them.

    Today, the armed groups having
    made peace with the Government are practically involved in ensuring area peace
    and tranquillity and under such favourable conditions, we can work for
    improvement of socio-economic conditions.

    While concerted efforts are being
    made for drug eradication on our own, success will take time due to technical
    and financial constraints.

    Drug eradication will succeed
    within a short time if there is international participation Therefore, quoting
    the slogan “Let’s cooperate to eradicate drugs”, I conclude.

    Thank you.


    Esteemed Guests,

    I am Police Colonel Maung Maung
    Than Member of the Law Enforcement Sector and Director of the Criminal
    Investigation Department. Myarmar Police Force.

    In the second part, I shall be
    presenting the figures of narcotic drugs that have bean destructed in the past
    and of those that will be destructed to-day. To-day’s destruction includes
    narcotic drugs that were seized by Law Enforcement Agencies such as the Army,
    Myanmar Police Force, die Customs Department and other agencies on which
    judgement had been passed by this Courts as which are under custody at the CID.

    The narcotic drugs that are to be
    destructed to-day are: Opium -4587.292 kgs Heroin -898.43 kgs Morphine -93.953
    kgs Opium Oil -8.642 kgs Opium Liquid -11.304 kgs Inferior Opium -20.95 kgs
    Marjuana -138.877 kgs Phensedyl -1499.975 litres Stimulant -2842783 tablets
    Cough Syrup -88.190 gallons (contain opium) Cough Pastille -4845 pastilles
    (contain opium) Methaqualone tablets -750 tablets Morphine Injection -180

    The grant total of all the
    narcotic drugs destroyed up to this the twelth destruction are:

    • Opium -16500.117 kgs
    • Heroin -2860.087 kgs
    • Opium Oil -118.336 kgs
    • Opium Liquid -131.196 kgs
    • Morphine -158.524 kgs
    • Marjuana -4385.382 kgs
    • Phensedyl -28025.549 litres
    • Inferior Opium -20.95 kgs
    • Cough Syrup -935.195 gallons
      (contain opium)
    • Injection -1405 ampoules
      (contain opium)
    • Speciosa -2.414 kgs
    • Stimulant -8127864 tablets
    • Methaqualone tablets -750
    • Cough Pastille -4845 pastilles
      (contain opium)

    Esteemed Guest,

    Please may I state that there
    will be further destruction of seized narcotic drugs in the furture. Please
    feel free to inspect the drugs displayed before you prior to destructing
    them with your own hands.

    Thank you.