Major Advancements

Does Drinking Baking Soda and Water Help Pass a Drug Test

Major Advancements

Forest Management Plans:

In 1996, FD launched a special operation to update and reformulate the old Working Plans in line with

modern forestry concepts. The new forest management plans at the district level place emphasis not only on

timber production but also on NWFPs, biodiversity conservation and socio-economic well-being of local

people. New management plans for 62 districts covering the whole of the country have already been formulated, and adopted for action with the approval of the

Ministry of Forestry.

production of trees


forests as envisioned in NFPs

National Forest Programmes


National Forestry Master Plan


At the beginning of 1998, National Forestry Master Plan

(NFMP) was initiated as NFP exercise, comprising 18 chapters for a 30-year period from 2001-02 to 2030-31. The plan reflects not only the existing conditions and management of Myanmar’s forests, but also

social and macro-economic policies of the country. At present, the drafts of all chapters are


Integrated Plan for the Greening of Central Dry Zone:


Integrated Plan for the period from 2001-02 to 2030-31 was pre- pared by

DZGD. The plan

comprises 10 chapters, and the draft document was finalized in 1999. 

Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management (C&I for

SFM): Identification of Myanmar’s C&Is for SFM at

both national and FMU levels was

completed in October 1999, and formally approved by the Ministry of Forestry. 

Myanmar’s document, which is based on ITTO’s C&I of 1998, contains 7 criteria each at both

national and FMU levels. There are 78 indicators and 257 required

activities at the national level, and 73 indicators and 217 activities at the FMU level,

together with standards of performance for each activity. FD has been testing and assessing the adequacy and application of Myanmar’s C&Is at FMU level for further improvement.

Monitoring resources in Oktwin

Model Forest

Establishment of Model Forests:

FD  has established two model forests, 

namely Oktwin and Pauk Khaung  Model Forests in Bago Yoma Region.  JIFPRO and JOFCA have been 

cooperating with FD in developing  these model forests. Myanmar is also 

participating in a regional project  entitled “Implementation of Model 

Forest Approach for SFM in the  Asia-Pacific Region” together with  China, Thailand and the Philippines. 

Timber Certification:

The  Timber Certification Committee (TCC)  was formed in August, 1998 by

MOF,  and since then, it has been  establishing links with other timber 

certification bodies on a bilateral basis.  Myanmar TCC is in close cooperation 

with National Timber Certification  Council (NTCC) of Malaysia and  Ecolabelling Institute of Indonesia 

(LEI). Myanmar TCC is now  developing a timber certification  process, reflecting Myanmar’s forest 

management system. Myanmar’s C&Is  are the basis for developing timber certification checklist at the FMU level. 

Code of Practice for Forest  Harvesting:

The National Code of 

Forest Harvesting Practices in  Myanmar was developed by the  Ministry of Forestry with FAO’s 

financial and technical assistance. A number of training courses have been 

imparted to the staff of the Extraction  Department of MTE for its clear 

understanding and immediate  implementation in the field. 

Field checking using GPS for resources


Remote Sensing and  Geographic Information System (RS  & GIS): FD has been applying RS & 

GIS for its land use mappings and resource assessment since 1995. 

Jointly with the Forestry Agency of  Japanese Government, land use maps, 

covering 67% of the country’s land  area were produced by FD during 1995 

and 1999. Other agencies such as  National Space Development Agency of Japan


and FAO have also provided FD with  remote sensing data and GIS  technologies. Since 1999, FD has been 

applying RS & GIS and global  positioning system (GPS) in forest  surveys.