The Era of the Burma Socialist Programme Party Government
(1974-1988)

In response to the offer made by the United Nations, a 5-year agreement was signed between Myanmar and the UNFDAC on 14 May 1976 for cooperation in the fight against narcotic drugs and this was renewed 3 times for a total of 15 years. The cooperation agreement was implemented in the form of three consecutive 5-year projects as follows;

(a) First 5-year project           (1976-1981) 
(b) Second 5-year project       (1981-1986) 
(c) Third 5-year project          (1986-1991)


During the execution of these (3) agreements the UNFDAC contributed US$ 22.3 million and Myanmar contributed service costs amounting to Kyats 170.6 million. The programmes were implemented mainly in the areas of agriculture, animal husbandry, education, health, rehabilitation and law enforcement.

During the period from 1976 to 1991, crop substitution programmes in (28) Townships in Shan State, (1) township in Kachin State, (3) townships in Chin State, opening of agricultural education stations including (2) model plantation camps, (8) base camps and (9) frontline agriculture education camps, distribution of a large amount of inputs such as seeds, seedlings, fertilizers, insecticides, and other farm implements were carried out by the projects. Moreover, over 400 educational courses were held to train over 22,000 peasants; about 18,458 acres of land were reclaimed and nearly 14567 acres of seasonal and perennial crops were planted; and two experimental farms growing tea and coffee established in Pyin Oo Lwin and Panglong respectively.

The animal husbandry projects which were also implemented during this period were projects in the Shan State where poultry, swine, cattle, queen bees (for apiaries) and mules were distributed to farmers there; and breeding courses for the farmers established. Over US$ 5 million and Kyats 2 million were spent in these projects.

Rehabilitation of drug addicts was also carried out in this 15-year period, and this was done through the identification of addicts, their transfer to hospitals, and the fulfillment of their social needs there and finally follow-up programmes to prevent a relapse into addiction and to reintegrate them into society. From 1976 to 1981 a total of 12,493 drug addicts were treated and to reintegrate them into society, rehabilitation camps were also opened at Mandalay, Myitkyina, Wettikan, and Parekhon. A camp at Kaba-Aye to teach auto repair and one at Yangon to teach printing and photography were opened. A full year's post-camp reintegration into society and prevention of re-addiction programme was drawn up for those who had passed through these camps.

Chin Shwe Haw rubber nursery. Plantation of Shade-trees in Muse Township.