Myanmar-US Combined Team Conducts

Ninth Opium Yield

Survey towards Eradication of Narcotic Drugs

24-2-03: Kyauk-ka-char village, Ho Pone

Township-Southern Shan State

24-2-03: Lwe-Toe

village,Mong Pyine Township-Eastern Shan State


accordance with the programme towards the eradication of narcotic drugs and

psychotropic substances being implemented in collaboration by the governments of

Myanmar and the United States of America, a combined Myanmar – US team led by

member of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC) of Myanmar

Brigadier General Kyaw Thein set out on 24 February 2003 and conducted an Opium

Yield Survey till 3 March 2003 in Hopong Township in Shan State (South); in

Mongpyin, Mongkhat, Mongpauk and Kyaintong townships in Shan State (East); in

Kutkai and Kunlong townships and the Laukkai and ‘Wa’ regions in Shan State

(North). The combined team visited far-flung, isolated and highly inaccessible

regions by military helicopter to conduct a survey of illegal opium poppy cultivation

plots and to gather poppy bulbs and poppy leaf samples as part of the survey.

The team also interviewed the poppy farmers in the respective regions and

inspected opium poppy cultivation plots that had been destroyed.

24-2-03: Lwe-Toe

village,Mong Pyine

Township-Eastern Shan State

25-2-03:Nar-phue village,Kyainge Tong Township-Eastern Shan State


their tour, the team visited the Special Region No: 2 of the ‘Wa’ region in Shan

State (East) and observed the Wan Hon Agriculture Farm, the Loi Hsanhson Opium

Hill coffee plantation and tea plantation. Their tour of observation also

included a visit to the Kyaintong-Mongzin Pig Farm and Feed Factory as well as

the ‘Wa’ Alternative Development Project -(WADP) being undertaken by the United

Nations Office on Drug Control and Crime (UNODC) in the Mongphyan region. Next

on the itinerary were the Lonhtan Tin Processing Factory, the opium substitute

tea cultivation plot in Mongmaw Region, the Granite Factory, tea factory, the

Longan, lychee, and mango orchards and the opium substitute soy bean cultivation

plot and other development projects being carried out in Shan State (North) No:

2 Special Region.

25-2-03:Nar-phue village,Kyainge Tong Township-Eastern Shan State


Hon,WA Region-Eastern Shan State

The team also went on a tour  of the Lashio Coffee Nursery

and Plantation,   the   Model Pig and Poultry  Farm , the Distribution

of High quality Bonmon Hsin Shweli corn seeds, the apiculture farm, and the

Naungmon honey orange orchard being implemented    under   the   sponsorship  of   the  North-Eastern Military Command. The next stop was the No: 1 Special Region of  Laukkai   in   Shan   State  (North).   Here   they   made   an observation tour  of the

Anti-Narcotic  Drug Museum, substitute cultivation of mango and orange

orchards, livestock breeding for alternative  development  and  other endeavours  being made for regional  development  and narcotic drug control.

The team then proceeded to the Kaungkha Special Region No: 5 in Shan State


25-2-03:Substituted Crops Plantation( Wan Hon) -Eastern Shan State


Mong-Pauk(WADP),UNODC Project-Eastern Shan State

The team inspected the ongoing work in the cultivation of tea

as an opium substitute crop and the hilltop terrace cultivation project as well

as the substitute crop cultivation of wheat, green peas, lentils, Chinese lablab

beans and soy bean. They also met and held discussions with regional leaders of

the national races. The combined team next met with those responsible for

cultivation of opium substitute crops, the substitution of livestock breeding,

treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts and drug interdiction and held

detailed discussions. The members of the team were especially interested in the

Fifteen Year Plan for the Elimination of Narcotic Drugs with particular focus on

the substitution crop and livestock breeding programmes now being implemented in

the first five years of the Plan in Shan State (North). They were especially

interested on the New Destiny Project and asked detailed questions about it. 

27-2-03:Yaung-laung village, Tang Yang Township-Northern Shan State


Factory(Lon Htan), Pang Sang Township-Northern Shan State 

The Ninth Opium Yield

Survey, was headed by Steven Suddaby on the American side of the team and

members included officials of the US Department of State, the Drug Enforcement

Administration, the US Department of Agriculture and responsible officials of

the US Embassy in Yangon.



Factory (Mong Maw)-Northern

Shan State 


Plantation-Mong Maw, Northern

Shan State 


combined Myanmar-US Opium Yield Survey was first initiated in 1993 and has been

regularly held every year since then. According to reports issued by the US

government as well as according to the findings of the annual Base Line Data

Survey begun on Myanmar’s own initiative in 1998, both the area under opium

poppy cultivation and production of opium have consecutively fallen at a significant

rate since 1997. It is also a fact that in this years current opium poppy cultivation

season the area under opium poppy cultivation had fallen drastically due to the

government’s New Destiny Project. Moreover during the current tour it was seen

that there was not a trace of any opium poppy cultivation west of the Thanlwin River

in Shan State (North) and in the Kokang Region. Accordingly it can thus be

forecast realistically that that there will be an additional decrease of 50% in

opium production as against the production of the previous year.



village, Ho Pan Township-Northern

Shan State 

The Opium Yield Survey carried out

in collaboration by the governments of Myanmar and the United States of America

is the ninth such survey. A comparison of the resulting data collected from the

previous years’ surveys as well as their satellite imageries with the data that

results from the current survey of 2003 and satellite imageries, will show an

enormous difference; that the area of land under opium cultivation and the

production of opium have both fallen considerably. The comparisons will show

unmistakably there has been a vast improvement especially in Shan State (North)