exposed in Mongton Township
30 April – A combined team comprising members of the team of the special region
2 of northern Shan State and the local security board, acting on information
that narcotic drugs were being refined near Nakaungmu village-tract in Mongton
Township at an estimated map reference T-534088, launched a raid on the refinery
on 30 March. On arrival at Kyanu village, the combined team encountered an armed
group which opened fire on it.
combing the village, the authorities arrested the culprits involved in the
illegal trafficking of narcotic drugs together with drugs, and arms and
ammunition. The combined team then raided an opium refinery at an estimated map
reference T-505113 and exposed 12 opium-refining huts, narcotics, and precursor
chemicals used in the production of narcotic drugs. Seizures made during the
raids at Kyanu village and the opium refinery were 12 opium-refining huts, 14.8
kilos of heroin, 8.4 kilos of morphine, 33.8 kilos of heroin grade-2, 26.4 kilos
of heroin grade 3, 383.8 kilos of raw opium, 42 kilos of opium residues, 720.7
liters of chemical liquid, seven assorted arms and ammunition, and 19 kinds of
paraphernalia, together with 42 culprits. The revelations of the culprits
enabled the combined team to search the houses of Sai Yi, escape culprit, 49, of
Nakaungmu village in Mongton Township, and Lawho, 40, on 25 April. The
authorities arrested Sai Yi, key player in the refining of heroin, and Oktama,
together with another four drug traffickers, 0.8 kilos of raw opium, seven
assorted arms and ammunition, bank account books and cheques, proceeds realized
from the illegal sales of narcotic drugs, five motorcycles, and two cars.
With the confession of Sai Yi,
96.1 kilos of heroin, 1,035 liters of chemical liquid, 11 kinds of
paraphernalia, and arms and ammunition were seized again from his house, No 270,
Ward 4, Nakaungmu Village, on 28 April.
Chemical precursors used in the
illegal production of narcotic drugs were smuggled into the country from Painlon
of Thailand, and arrangements are under way to be able to arrest drug culprits
Anti-Narcotics Art Competitions to be held
29 April – The coordination meeting for holding Yangon Division Level Cartoon,
Painting, Poster, Computer Arts & Poster Competitions held in commemoration of
International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking was held at the
hall of Yangon Division Peace and Development Council Office yesterday morning,
with an address by Yangon Division Peace and Development Council Chairman Yangon
Command Commander Maj-Gen Myint Swe. Also present on the occasion were Secretary
Lt-Col Kyaw Tint and members of Yangon Division Peace and Development Council,
chairmen of District Peace and Development Councils, the Division Police Force
commander, the deputy commander and others.
Commander Maj-Gen Myint Swe made
an opening speech. Then, Yangon Division Police Force Commander Police Col Aung
Daing and Deputy Police Commander Police Lt-Col Win Myint reported on
competition and formation of sub-committees and tasks to be carried out. Members
of Work Committee for holding the competitions took part in the discussions for
holding the competitions. The meeting ended with concluding remarks by the
Forms for the contest are
available at Yangon Division Police Commander’s Office from 1 to 7 May and
contestants must submit them from 8 to 15 May.
204 drug cases
exposed in March
28 April – The Tatmadaw, Myanmar Police Force and the Customs Department exposed
204 drug cases in March, 2003. Seizures made by them were 63.0741 kilos of opium
in 29 cases, 23.4451 kilos of opium in 84 cases, 1.5418 kilos of opium oil four
in cases, 9.0922 kilos of low grade opium in 12 cases, 2.5468 kilos of marijuana
in 15 cases, 14 litres of Phensedyl in four cases, 1,177,064 stimulant tablets
in 24 cases, 75 kilos of Ephedrine in two cases, 4.24 kilos of stimulant powder,
600 kilos of Phenyl Acetic Acid, 411.14 litres of Acetic Anhydride in one case,
1,136.5 litres of chemical liquid in one case, 1.5 kilos of chemical powder, 16
cases for failure to register, and 10 other cases. Action was taken against 348
culprits including 288 men and 60 women related cases in March.
Mon State Drug
Abuse Control Committee meets
24 April – The coordination meeting 1/2003 of Mon State Drug Abuse Control
Committee was held at the office of Mon State Police Force Commander on 22 April
Mon State DACC Chairman
South-East Command Commander Maj-Gen Thura Myint Aung, departmental officials
and local authorities and township police force officers attended the meeting.
The commander made an opening
speech. Then, Mon State DACC Vice-Chairman Mon State Police Force Police Col
Thein Lin and members reported on tasks and activities for drug abuse control.
The commander made concluding remarks.
In the afternoon, the commander
attended the ceremony to assign duties to be carried out in 2003-2004 held at
the hall of Mon State Peace and Development Council office. The commander made
Tin Hlaing addresses 46th session of Commission on Narcotic Drugs
22 April- The 46th Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs organized by
United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime was held at Austric Centre in Vienna,
Austria, from 8 to 17 April. Implementation and difficulties of the Political
Declaration approved by the 20th special meeting on drug control held at the UN
headquarters in New York in 1998 were reviewed at the Ministerial Level Segment
of the session on 16 and 17 April. Myanmar delegation led by Chairman of the
Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control Minister for Home Affairs Col Tin
Hlaing attended the session. Myanmar delegation comprised member of CCDAC
Brig-Gen Kyaw Thein of the Ministry of Defence, Ambassador U Nyunt Maung Shein
of Myanmar Embassy in Berlin, Germany, Joint-Secretary of CCDAC Police Col Kham
Aung and Second Secretary Daw Aye Mya Hman of Myanmar Embassy in Berlin.
Minister Col Tin Hlaing made a speech at the plenary meeting on 17 April. In his
address, he said:
At the outset, on behalf of
Myanmar delegation, I would like to congratulate for being elected as the
Chairman of this most important meeting.
I am very pleased to report on
Myanmar’s achievements and the difficulties encountered in meeting the goals and
targets set out in Political Declaration adopted at the 20th Special Session of
the United Nations General Assembly in 1998.
Starting 1989, the Myanmar
Government have taken advantage of the peaceful situations in the border regions
for the first time since independence in 1948, laying down a strategy to develop
the infrastructure of the border areas and upgrading the living standards of the
national races with a view that poppy cultivation will gradually be phased out.
The strategy has gradually paid off with the establishment of an Opium Free Zone
in 1997 in Mong La Area, Eastern Shan State, which is sustained to date. The
Kokang Special Region-1 followed suit by declaring they have stopped poppy
cultivation in 2003. Moreover, the Wa Special Region-2 guaranteed to stop
cultivation totally in 2005.
The Government itself launched an
ambitious 15-Year in 1999 to totally eradicate drugs in the country by 2014.
This major undertaking relies on our own resources and is based on the United
Nations’ Balanced Approach and accordingly, will not only strive for reducing
supply but also reduce demand and drug abuse with community participation. As
part and parcel of the 15-Year Plan, a pilot project programme called “New
Destiny” was launched in April last year with a pre-emptive approach by setting
up seed banks and free distribution of substitute crop seeds to poppy farmers
before the poppy season. Project sites were identified in high-density
cultivation areas of the Shan State. Educational campaign, crop substitution,
livestock breeding, income-substituting cottage industries and various other
development programmes were introduced and subsidized by the Government in the
project sites. One of the important intervention of the projects is the
destruction of opium seed surrendered voluntarily by the farmers from their
stock for the coming poppy season. A total of 165,956 kilograms of poppy seeds
have been burnt and destroyed in front of the public in nine different
occasions. This intervention enabled the prevention of 41,128 hectares from
illicit cultivation that could produce 44.17 tons of opium.
I am pleased to report that this
concerted efforts have resulted a drastic reduction in the cultivation as well
as production of opium in Myanmar. Opium Yield Survey annually held jointly with
the United States Government since 1993 reported cultivation dropped sharply to
77,700 hectares with an estimate production of 630 metric tons in 2002 from an
estimate of 163,110 hectares of cultivation and a production of 2,560 metric
tons in 1996. This is a 77 per cent reduction within seven years without any
international assistance but with our own efforts and resources.
The three surveys undertaken
together with UNDCP under the Global Illicit Crops Monitoring Programme since
2001 also testified by the significant decrease of 80,000 hectares and estimate
production of 830 tons. Based on early reports from the surveys of this season,
there are indications of a reduction also this year.
These significant reductions have
been acknowledged by all credible sources including the INCB Report of 2002 and
we are grateful that the reality has been reflected in the report.
On the law enforcement sector,
there is also a marked decline in the amount of opium and heroin seized within
the country over the recent years. However, the escalating problems of synthetic
drugs like amphetamine type stimulants propel us to cooperate with our
neighbouring countries in the region on bilateral, trilateral and multilateral
basis. This problem is entirely different from the opium based drugs and
cultivation of poppy. Myanmar does not have a chemical industry and does not
manufacture precursor chemicals to produce these synthetic drugs. Due to the
fact that all these precursor chemicals are illicitly trafficked from
neighbouring countries, I am pleased to report that Myanmar is addressing this
regional problem with the full cooperation of China, India and Thailand and
technical assistance from UNODC.
I have great pleasure to report
to this meeting that Myanmar has enacted the Control of Money Laundering Law in
June 2002, which is in line with the 40 Recommendations of the Financial Action
For demand reduction, to address
the spread of HIV among injecting drug users, we have joined hands with the UN
Organizations as well as International Non Governmental Organizations working
not only in the control of the problem but also in harm reduction measures. To
this end, we are also tapping into the Global Funds for HIV/AIDS to combat this
In conclusion, to overcome these
problems, nations across the world should increase cooperation at the regional,
sub-regional and bilateral levels. Myanmar, on her part, is striving vigorously
with a national plan to eradicate opium within 15 years, based on our own
resources and is committed to maintaining the present momentum. However, if
international assistance is forthcoming, Myanmar is confident that we can
achieve the objectives in a much shorter period. In this connection, I would
like to take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to the Government of
China, Japan, Italy, Thailand and the United States for their kind contribution
to alternative development projects in Myanmar. I would lastly urge the United
Nations to further strengthen its leadership in the fight against drugs and
transnational crimes through impartial and effective programmes and likewise,
request member nations to lend assistance towards less developed countries.
Minister Col Tin Hlaing met with
Justice and Customs Minister Mr Chris Ellison of Austria on 16 April and
Executive Director Mr Antorio Maria Costa of UNODC on 17 April and discussed
matters related to cooperation in narcotic drug control, Myanmar’s efforts for
elimination of narcotic drugs and difficulties and participation of UNDCP in
Myanmar’s anti-narcotic drive. Myanmar delegation also met with Drug Control
Commissioner Minister for Health and Social Welfare Marion Caspers-merck of
Germany, Health Minister Achmad Sujudi of Indonesia, Ambassador Yukio Takasu of
Permanent Representative Office of Japan, and Justice Minister Pornthep
Jhepkanjana of Thailand and Mr Disnadda Diskul, Secretary-General of Mae Fah
Luang Foundation and discussed matters related to cooperation in narcotic drug
elimination and drug problems. The delegation arrived back here on 20 April.
discuss Anti-drug competitions
21 April — A work coordination meeting on holding of literary and painting
competitions to commemorate the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit
Trafficking, which falls on 26 June 2003, took place at the meeting hall of the
Southern Command in Toungoo, Bago Division, on 19 April morning.
The meeting was attended by
Chairman of the Committee for Drug Abuse Control of Bago Division Commander of
Southern Command Brig-Gen Ko Ko, and officials.
The commander spoke on the
occasion and heard reports on the type of the competitions, rules and
regulations of the competitions, and the formation of committees for the
for International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking commemorative
3 April — The short story, article, song, poem, cartoon, painting, poster,
computer drawing and computer poster competitions, organized by the Central
Committee for Drug Abuse Control, will be held to mark International Day Against
Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking which falls on 26 June 2003.
Entries for short story, article
and poem are to be sent not later than 20 May and entries for song, painting,
cartoon and poster competitions, 25 May to Police Col Maung Myint, Secretary of
Crime Reduction and Information Committee, Office of Commander of Yangon
Division Myanmar Police Force on Bank Street (corner of Strand Road and Sule
Pagoda Road). Entries for computer drawing and computer poster competitions are
to be sent to the CCDAC by 15 May. Prize-wining works will be announced on 18
June and the prizes will be presented to respective winners on 26 June.
Kawthoung District to become drug free zone coordinated
2 April -Secretary of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control
Director-General of Myanmar Police Force Brig-Gen Khin Yi on 30 March met with
local authorities of Kawthoung District and Township at Mizuthaka Hall in the
They discussed measures for
ensuring Kawthoung District to become a drug free zone in accord with the
guidance of the Head of State. Secretary-1 General Khin Nyunt also gave
instructions to ensure Tachilek, Kawthoung and Myawaddy Districts to become drug
free zones at the special meeting held on 23-10-2002.
Matters on raising the
drug-elimination momentum in the border areas, drug addict treatment and
rehabilitation, formation of a Kawthoung District anti-narcotic drug association
and holding educative talks were discussed at the meeting.
development of Yongkha Model Village held
1 April — Meeting of the delegates of Myanmar and Thailand on development
project of Yongkha Model Village being carried out with the assistance of
Thailand under the Myanmar-Thailand Drug Abuse Control Cooperation Programme was
held at the village in Monghsat Township on 29 March morning.
A ten-member delegation led by
Col San Pwint of the Office of Chief of Military Intelligence of Myanmar and a
six-member delegation led by Lwaitone Project Manager Mr Disnada Diskul attended
the meeting. Wa national race leaders U Shauk Min Lian and U Kyauk Kaw En and
local people welcomed them at the village. The delegates of the two countries
discussed matters related to the completion of a primary school with the
accommodation capacity of 500 students under construction in April and a 16-bed
station hospital at the end of May and requirements for construction of a dam
for irrigating about 1,000 acres of farm and irrigation systems.
After the meeting delegates from
the two countries visited Wanhon region, where poppy substitute crops are
thriving, in the township by car. Wa national race leaders and local people
welcomed them and explained the success achieved by Wa nationals in cultivation
of poppy substitute crops such as longan, honey-orange, coffee, tea, mango,
sugar cane, pulses and beans, corn, paddy and other annual crops in Mongyon,
Wanhon, Maikyant and Wanpon regions.
The delegates enquired of the
facts they wanted to know and viewed round Wanhon longan plantations, Maikyant
honey-orange plantations andLawhsanson coffee plantations. They left Wanhon for
Tachilek in the evening.