Protected Areas System (PAS)
Diverse forest ecosystems in Myanmar are home to nearly 300 known mammal species, 360 reptiles and about
1,000 bird species. Myanmar is also endowed with about 7,000 plant species.
Myanmar is found to have more than 1,200 species of butterfly, of which six
are identified as rare species even at the global level. So far, 23 sanctuaries and
five parks, constituting about 2.26% (15,270 km2) of the total land area of the
country have been established under the existing PAS, and proposals for forming
new protected areas have also been made. It is stipulated in Myanmar Forest
Policy, 1995 that the coverage of the PAS will be increased to 5% in the short
term. In the long term it is intended to increase up to 10%.
Alaungdawkathapa National Park in
The natural forests of Myanmar provide substantial opportunities for ecotourism development. The Meinmahla Kyun
Wildlife Sanctuary in the Ayeyawady Delta, the Hlawga Park near Yangon, the Yangon Zoological Gardens, the Moyungyi Wet-
lands Wildlife Sanctuary near Bago, the Seinyay Forest Resort| on the strategic road across Bago Yoma teak forests, the
Popa Mountain Park and the Shwe-set-taw Wildlife Sanctuary in the Central Myanmar. the
Gardens, the Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park in Upper Myanmar and the Inle Lake
Wetlands Wildlife Sanctuary on the Shan Plateau of Eastern Myanmar are
among those with outstanding ecotourism potential.
Botanical gardens in Pyin-Oo-Lwin
The Inn-daw-gyi Wetlands Wildlife Sanctuary in northern
Myanmar and the Natma Taung National Park on the north-west Chin Hills are also of high potential for
ecotourism and are now being developed. The Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary in Upper
Myanmar is also the protected area where development activities
for ecotourism are being made. Moreover, the Khakarborazi National I Park in the
far north constitutes an attractive environment with snow-capped mountains and
sub-alpine forests and opportunities for mountaineering and outdoor recreation.
Most striking upgradings have recently been made at Pyin-Oo-Lwin Botanical Gardens, Popa Mountain
Park and Moyungyi Wetlands Wildlife Sanctuary, to promote
ecotorism, public recreation, education and research.
Seinyay ecotourism camp in Bago