| In Myanmar, more than sixty percent of total population is women and children who are the
most vulnerable groups. Since women have been fulfilling their reproductive responsibility
of propagating human race, many have died and many more face death in the process of
In cities and towns the maternal and
child health care was delivered through urban health centres, maternal and child health
centres and school health teams and in rural areas, the rural health centres and
sub-health centres scheme was established for provision of primary health care including
maternal and child health.
and child health is the integral part of comprehensive health care
delivery system. Birth spacing is an important strategy to improve the
status of maternal and child health. Focusing on the strength of basic
health staff in cooperation with the various types of voluntary health
workers, local administrative authorities, NGOs and the community, the
health programme has put more emphasis on improvement of quality.
The intra and intersectoral
coordination, community participation and the important role of non-governmental voluntary
organizations would also be enhanced to obtain successful achievement of the project
Starting from the base year of NHP
(1994-95), the implementation of antenatal, maternal and child health and birth spacing
programmes have been transformed into reproductive health programme including adolescent
health in order to provide health care to all life cycle stages.