“Social Welfare” is an organized activity that aims
at helping towards a mutual adjustment of individuals and their social
environment. This objective is achieved through the use techniques and methods
which are designed to enable individuals, groups and communities to meet their
needs and solve their problems of adjustment to a changing pattern of society,
and through cooperative to improve economic and social conditions.
In Myanmar, Social Welfare
Services was initiated by the
Religious Associations and voluntary Associations. The majority of Myanmar
citizens are Buddhists ‘who are very generous and donate not only to religious organizations but also to the needy.
Therefore, various organizations for
social services have been in existence in Myanmar for a long
time. These organizations have carried out activities especially in the areas of
care of the aged and care of the youth. Youth care activities were done by the
Buddhist monasteries where youths were brought up and educated. Missionaries of
other religious in Myanmar also took part in establishing institutions for the
In 1953, the Ministry of Social Welfare was formed at the
National level and the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) was formed to carry out
the social welfare activities. Nowadays social welfare activities are being
expanded and carried out by both GOs and NGOs.
Activities and Relationship Between Government and NGOs