Anti-narcotics Measures Undertaken by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Establishment of Myanmar Anti narcotic Association
Myanmar Anti-narcotic Association( MANA) was established on 26 June 1994as a social organization comprising of25-member Central Committee and12 executive members.
The purposes of the association areas follows:
(a) To mutually assist, as a social organization, in the projects of the Government, which has been striving as a national duty to prevent and suppress the menace of the narcotic drugs, threatening the country.
(b) To participate as an additional force in the collective endeavours for effective prevention and treatment of the infection and rapid spread of H.I.V among the intravenous drug users (IDUS), as the problem required expeditious and concerted efforts.
The following are the work programme of the Association-
(a) To prepare and implement projects to expand public education activities on drug prevention and treatment so as to reach the target group.
(b) To assist in drugs prevention and treatment projects being implemented by the Government by not only using drug treatment techniques currently practiced in Myanmar but also acquiring new modern techniques being employed at the international level.
(c) To assist in the region and groups which were not yet covered by the anti-narcotic project of the Government as well as in those areas that are in need of urgent actions.
(d) To carry out rehabilitation and support activities by implementation of projects to address physical, mental, social and economic problems related to drug abuse.
(e) To undertake all-round education
(f) activities on prevention of infection and spread of AIDS among intravenous drug users (IDUS) with priority given to drug education project targeting the most vulnerable group. To assist in solving the problems that may arise as a consequence of drug abuse.
(g) To acquire expertise, technical, financial material assistance and to cooperate with internal and external organizations which share common objectives and interest, in order to achieve greater success in implementing afore-mentioned activities.
(h) To liaise with internal and external research organizations who share
common objectives and interest in exchange of information and research activities that will
contribute to prevention and
treatment of AIDS and the drug abuse.
(i) To fill the needs of the drug abuse problems that may arise among the public from time to time.
Other Anti-Narcotic Activities
The drug education and anti-narcotic activities such as holding of talks and
lectures on drug education, painting, essay, poem and postcard competitions, erecting of
posters, have been activity organized at schools through out the country. Moreover,
on the Narcotic Drugs Elimination Day, which falls on June 26 every year, the programmes on drug prevention
activities were telecast. The Government is carrying out anti-narcotic activities through adoption
of projects with an aim of eliminating of drugs in Myanmar. In accordance with the
project, posters and bulletins on anti- narcotics education were published, and competition and test on awareness of drug
education were conducted in every township throughout the country. Furthermore, Myanmar delegations have participated in
conferences, meetings, seminars, study tours and training courses concerning drug
preventing activities held in foreign countries. The afore-mentioned
anti-narcotic activities were held with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations.
Cooperation with Foreign NGOs
As part of Myanmar's cooperation with foreign Non-Governmental Organization, the project on "Injecting Drug
Abuse Prevention Education" is being jointly implemented by the CCDAC and World Concern in Myitkyina and Pha Kant
areas, Kachin state of northern Myanmar with an aim to educate the injecting drug
users to have their behavior changed and to persuade them to receive medical treatments. The project, which was launched
on October 1998, is planned to be implemented for 24 months with UNDCP's contribution of US dollar 390,000.00.
Anti-narcotic Measures Taken by Young Men Buddhist Association (YMBA)
Anti-narcotic measure taken by Young Men Buddhist Association (YMBA), which was established In ]906 with the purpose of nationalism religion and education, has been actively playing a significant role for the past 92 years in organizing the youth to refrain from alcohol and tobacco as well as in preventing from infiltration of culture and behavior contrary to Myanmar traditional culture. With a view to promoting the campaign for refraining from narcotic drugs, the following activities such as teaching of 38 rules of Buddha's preachings for beatific life (38 rules of Mingla), promotion of public awareness on anti-narcotic education, holding of essay competitions on abstaining from use of alcohol and narcotic drugs abuse were organized by the YMBA in 164 township centers for propagation of Buddha's teachings. In carrying out such activities, the CCDAC is coordinating with the State and Division Narcotic Control Boards concerned to see to it that the instructors receive teaching aid materials on drugs-related knowledge.
Border Areas Development Association (BDA) Myanmar
Border Areas Development Association (BDA) was established on 17 December 1996 with Its purpose being to render necessary assistance in the Development of the remote border areas. This Non-Governmental Association has 10 members under the chairmanship of Attorney U Ba Shwe with its headquarters situated at No.97, Thanlwin Road, Kamayut, Yangon.
Projects Undertaken by BDA in Kokang Area
BDA is currently engaging in implementation of two development projects in Ta Shwe Tan village in Kokang area. The first project is designed to provide water supply and to agricultural income generating activities in Tar Shwe Tan village in Laukkai Township. Japanese Government contributed US $ 6960 for the project. The grant contract for the project was signed on 2 August 1998 by the Japanese Ambassador to Myanmar and the Chairman of BDA. Although the project period was earlier planned for six months from January to June 1998, it is still under implementation for various reasons.
The other project being implemented by BDA with the financial support of Japanese Government is designed to provide materials and technical assistance to education and health sectors of Tar Shwe Tan village. The project was signed on 24 December 1997 by the Japanese Ambassador and the Chairman of BDA.
Although the project was
initially intended to be executed for one year from January to December
1998, it is still in the process of implementation due to delay in receipt of financial support.
Activities of BDA
In order to implement the two development projects, BDA has conducted a field survey in Ta Shwe Tan village of Laukkai Township and executed the project in the following sector-wise activities starting from April 1998;
(a) Education Sector
In this sector, two buildings
for village primary school and a brick fencing were constructed and school
furniture as well as teaching aid materials were provided at the total cost of K
(b) Health Sector
In this sector, renovation of
village clinic and provision of furniture, basic medical supplies and clinical
equipment were made at a total cost of Kyats 140,4390.
The fore-going activities have brought the total expenditure already committed in both education and health sectors to Kyats 4887731. Arrangements are being made to start the works for provision of water supply.
Donation of Sports Goods and Boxing Stadium for the YDTRU
With a view to providing physical training to the ex-drug users patients for restoration of their health at the Yangon Drugs Addicts Treatment and Research Unit (YDTRU), Mr. Shiro Miguki and other donors of Japan have donated a boxing stadium, which was constructed starting from 25 August 1998. The boxing stadium together with boxing sports materials at value of Japanese Yen 783000 was handed over to YDTRU at a ceremony held on 21 October 1998.
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