The New Light of
23 November, 1999
determination to eradicate narcotic drugs
The problem of drugs in Myanmar is a pernicious
legacy of colonial past, which was further aggravated after independence when the production and trafficking
of drugs became linked with internal insurgency problem. Since independence was regained, Myanmar
has been relentlessly waging a determined war against the menace of narcotic drugs as a matter of national
Fully aware of the political, economic and social dimensions of the problem, Myanmar has adopted an
integrated approach covering the whole range of drug control activities crop substitution, education and mass
The new integrated approach to eradicate poppy plantation is aimed at winning over the understanding
and cooperation of communities concerned in the eradication efforts. Projects of transportation, water
supply and crop substitution are being undertaken in poppy-growing areas under short-term and long-term
plans. The inhabitants of those areas have come to realize and appreciate the efforts of the government.
This augurs well for the successful implementation of present and future poppy eradication projects.
Myanmar fully recognizes the importance of cooperative measures at sub-regional, regional and
international levels in combating illicit production of, demand for and trafficking in narcotic drugs and
This is reflected in its active cooperation in drug control activities with the People’s Republic of China and
Thailand. Myanmar also signed bilateral agreements with India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, the Russian
Federation, Laos and the Philippines to control drug trafficking and abuse.
Myanmar acceded to the international drug-control treaties and faithfully complies with their provisions and
the plans of actions adopted by the United Nations.
The Union of Myanmar is a party to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and has already acceded
to the 1988 UN Convention Against Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotrophic Substance and to the
1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances.
Sincere efforts of the Government of Myanmar have resulted in remarkable achievements in its
Mongla region in eastern Shan State, an area right in the middle of poppy-growing region, was declared as an
Opium Free Zone.
Projects have been initiated for Kokang and Wa regions in northern Shan State with the year 2000 and 2005 set respectively as the target dates for the establishment of addition opium free zones.
Drugs menace is a problem of global proportions requiring concerted and sustained global response. Myanmar will resolutely undertake its share of the global burden and solemnly
pledges to continue its fullest cooperation with the international community in eradicating narcotic drugs off the face of the earth.