treatment centre opened in Tachilek
20 March -The opening ceremony of community based drugs addict treatment centre
organized by Myanmar Anti-Narcotics Association was held on 20 March at Hway Lay
Lan village in Mongphone Village-tract, in Tachilek Township with an address by
regional Tactical Commander Col Than Shain.
Now, there are 27 drug addicts
being given treatment at the centre.
It was attended by Chairman of
Tachilek District Drug Abuse Control Committee Tachilek District Peace and
Development Council Chairman Lt-Col Aung Nyunt Thein and members, departmental
officials, members of social organizations and local people.
control between Myanmar and China discussed
20 March – At the invitation of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control, a
12-member Chinese delegation led by President of Yunnan People’s Security
College Professor Deputy Police Maj-Gen Mr Luo Bingsen arrived here yesterday
Yesterday evening, the Chinese
delegation called on Minister for Home Affairs Col Tin Hlaing at the latter’s
office. The Chinese delegation also met Director-General of MPF Brig-Gen Khin Yi
at the latter’s office at the ministry and they discussed matters relating to
narcotic drugs and mutual cooperation between the police forces of the two
countries. The delegation then visited the Drug Elimination Museum in Kamayut
Township, and there officials welcomed them and conducted them round the museum.
Yesterday evening at 7,
Director-General of MPF Brig-Gen Khin Yi gave a dinner in honour of the Chinese
delegation led by Deputy Police Maj-Gen Mr Luo Bingsen at the Kandawgyi Palace
Remarkable achievement made in Myanmar’s cooperation with neighbours in
Special Meeting 1/2002 of CCDAC held
15 March—The Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control held its Special Meeting
1/2003 at the meeting hall of Drug Elimination Museum at the corner of Kyundaw
Street and Hanthawady Street in Kamayut Township here this morning, with an
address by Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council General Khin
In his address, Secretary-1 General Khin Nyunt
said that with regard to drug elimination, the Government has laid down the
15-year drug elimination plan and is implementing it, adding that remarkable
achievements have been made in the fight against narcotic drugs.
The Government has been making all-out efforts
in the crusade against the narcotic drugs. However, the amount of the assistance
provided to the campaign by the international community was insignificant in
contrast with the efforts executed by the Government.
But the Government is working hard in the fight
against drugs which posed danger to entire global people in the interests of
own nation and own race as well as in the interests of the entire global people
in accord with the faith of Myanmar people, accepting it as a national concern.
Since the Government has been making relentless efforts for eradication of poppy
cultivation and production and use of drugs, the national race leaders
participated in the drive under the former’s leadership, paying serious
attention to the conviction of the Government. As a result, progress has been
made in implementing the 15-year drug elimination plan. At the same time, the
Government has laid down the New Destiny Project and is implementing it to
accelerate the momentum in implementing the 15-year drug elimination plan.
Meanwhile, the entire national people in border areas are cooperating with the
government in the project.
Although there has been a significant progress
in the fight against drugs in Myanmar, some western powers are still regarding
Myanmar as the one which does not cooperate in the anti-narcotic drugs drive.
But the Government, with assistance or without assistance, will continue to make
efforts in the campaign with national concept. Though the western powers do not
acknowledge the efforts of Myanmar in the drug elimination tasks, it was obvious
that the organizations related to those countries have acknowledged Myanmar’s
efforts in the drive.
The Counter Narcotic and Crime (CNC) has been
conducting surveys on illegal poppy cultivation and production in Myanmar yearly
since 1993. It has conducted the surveys nine times up to this year. The CNC
acknowledged that there was a decrease in poppy cultivation and production in
Myanmar year by year.
According to the CNC’s survey, there were only
77,700 hectares of poppy acreage with the production of 630 metric tons in 2002
when compared with 163,100 hectares of poppy acreage with the production of
2,560 metric tons in Myanmar in 1996. Thus, there is a remarkable decrease in
poppy cultivation and production. In addition, the poppy cultivation and
production in Myanmar in 2003 was cut by half in comparison with those in 2002,
according to the CNC. It is obvious that the international community has
acknowledged the efforts of Myanmar in the fight against drugs with facts and
figures but some western powers do not acknowledge Myanmar’s efforts by
intermingling then with politics. The poppy farmers in border areas have to make
just end meets in growing poppy. So also poppy-substitute cultivation and other
business undertakings need to be created for them. The western powers do not
provide any humanitarian assistance to the poppy farmers.
The government with its own financial strength
has laid down the 15-year drug elimination plan and is implementing
to create poppy-substitute cultivation and other business undertakings for the
However, significant progress
has been made in poppy substitutions — cash and perennial crops cultivation in
Myanmar. There were poppy-substitute plantations countable by the thousand and
progress has been made in poppy-substitute industries and livestock breeding
tasks in border areas. A remarkable progress has been made in Myanmar’s
cooperation with neighbouring countries in the fight against drugs. Achievements
have being made in exchange of information and seizures of drug suspects between
Myanmar and China. In addition, progress has been made in searching the markets
of Myanmar’s poppy-substitute crops in the PRC. Similarly, progress has been
made in Myanmar’s cooperation with Thailand. Thailand has been making efforts
with added momentum after laying down a special plan in the fight against
stimulants like amphetamine. Myanmar has laid down the 15-year drug elimination
plan. In implementing the plan, the new destiny project has been laid down and
is being implemented. The Secretary-1 urged all officials to make concerted
efforts to successfully implement the drug elimination measures in accord with
the national objectives.
Chairman of Central Committee
for Drug Abuse Control Minister for Home Affairs Col Tin Hlaing reported on
measures undertaken by CCDAC. He said: in connection with crop substitution
programme New Destiny Project was implemented. Out of 15,519.5 acres, 14857.75
acres of monsoon crops were cultivated. Percentage of implementation was 95.74%.
In cultivation of cold season crops, 9,812.89 acres were targeted and 8,504.64
acres were cultivated and percentage of completion was 86.67%. Out of 25,332.39
acres, 23,362.39 acres of monsoon and cold season crops were cultivated. The
total implementation percentage was 92.22%.
Under the New Destiny Project
K 117.28 million were spent— K 42.5 million in Shan State (North), K 15 million
in Pansay region, K 10 million in Shan State (South), K 7.48 million in Shan
State (East), K 9.5 million in Kachin State, K 10 million in Sadon region in
Kachin State special region-1, K 2.8 million in Kayah State, K 5 million for
Tachilek Anti-Narcotics Association and Rehabilitation Centre, K 12.5 million
for livestock breeding, K 1.854 million for construction of Shwepyiaye Camp and
K 646,000 for purchase of 500 bags of rice for poppy growers.
In 2002, programmes for opium
substitute livestock breeding were undertaken in Phekhon and Pinlaung Townships.
Altogether K 12.5 million from the funds of the ministry were spent on
distribution of pedigree fowl and pig in Tachilek, Wa, Tongta, Kunhein and
Homein regions. Under the opium free zone establishment project, treatment for
drug addicts in Tachilek District began on 6 December 2002. Social Welfare
Department started its rehabilitation tasks at Tachilek Rehabilitation Centre on
7 January 2003. The Ministry of Health announced the order relating to control
of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances under its notification No1/2003
Anti-drug activities were
reported on daily papers and Yadanabon newspaper and telecast on MRTV and
Myawady TV and broadcast on Radio Myanmar. Interviews were also telecast in
Association formed 11 Township level associations in Yangon Division in 2002.
The anti-narcotics associations were formed in Tachilek District, Taunggyi and
Kengtung Townships in Shan State and Pyay Township in Bago Division (West).
Duties were assigned to six groups led by member of CCDAC the minister and the
deputy ministers to inspect implementations of the tasks under the New Destiny
Project, narcotic elimination and development tasks and to fulfil the
requirements in six project regions.
The members of CCDAC the
ministers made seven field trips in 2002. He and Vice-Chairmen of CCDAC,
accompanied by ambassadors, military attaches and local and foreign journalists,
made field trips to Shan State (North), Shan State (East) and Wa region from 1
to 3 April 2002 and Shan State (East) and Shan State (North) from 6 to 8
December 2002. They witnessed the cooperation of the government and local people
for eradication of narcotic drugs and regional development.
ambassadors and military attaches led by Deputy Prime Minister of Laos visited
Tachilek, Kengtung and Mongla regions from 13 to 15 February 2003. He and
Vice-Chairman of CCDAC Minister for Foreign Affairs U Win Aung explained
measures undertaken in the regions. After the excursion tour, Chinese
Ambassador to Myanmar donated 100,000 yuan and Italian Ambassador US $ 100,000.
The Japanese Ambassador discussed assistance in connection with development
activities for eradication of narcotic drugs with four ministers on 28 December
2002. Cultivation of buckwheat is being undertaken for opium substitute crop
cultivation. It is necessary to extend other crops cultivation that earns money
for cultivation of buckwheat alone is not sufficient. Therefore arrangements are
being made for cultivation of stevia crops.
Chairman of JBB Stevia
Laboratory Ltd and party together with CCDAC officials visited Pinlaung and
Phekhon Township in connection with cultivation of stevia. A delegation led by
Adviser of JMSSO former Prime Minister of Japan Mr Tsutomu Hata visited Myanmar
in February and discussed cultivation of stevia. Arrangements are being made for
signing of MoU. Development projects being implemented in Shan State Special
Region-1 Kokang region under Myanmar-China narcotic drugs control programme.
NNCC of the People’s Republic of China would provide cultivation techniques and
crop seeds worth 300,000 yuan. He spoke at length on conducting of agriculture
technique courses, providing over 12 tons of various kinds of crops, 200,000
saplings, fertilizer and pesticides. The four-member supervisory committee was
formed and the Chinese Ambassador to Myanmar provided US$ 12,000 for
construction of agriculture and livestock breeding training school.
All-round development project
is being undertaken in Yaungkha Village, Monghsat Township in accord with the
MoU on Myanmar-Thai narcotic drug control. Thailand would provide 20 million
bahts for narcotic drug control in the border areas. Tasks on supply of water,
agriculture and livestock breeding including construction of dispensary and
school would be implemented step by step. Experts from Thailand arrived at the
project area on 11 December 2002 and chose the site for construction of school
and hospital. Three small dams that would irrigate 850 acres of lands would be
He said Myanmar in cooperation
with international organization such as the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
and the US is collecting data on ground survey of illicit poppy cultivation.
The illicit crops monitoring
programme was launched in 11 townships in Shan State from January to March in
2001 in cooperation with CCDAC and UNODC. According to the programme, there were
10,939 acres of poppy in 284 villages in 11 townships. The average opium yield
per acre was 4.23 kilos.
Similarly, the collecting data
on ground illicit poppy cultivation was also carried out in 53 villages in Shan
State ( North), (South), Shan State (East) and Wa regions.
In 2003, similar survey was
conducted in 50 townships in Shan State from January to March.
Myanmar in cooperation with
the US conducted opium yield survey for nine times from 1993 to 2003. According
to the data collected, annual opium yield gradually fall beginning from 1996. In
2002 opium acreage was about 77,700 hectares and opium production was only 630
tons. In 2003, production is expected to fall another 50 percent compared with
the previous year. With the decrease of poppy cultivation in Myanmar, tasks on
cultivation of opium substitute crops and livestock and breeding and other
economic enterprises are to be extended. It is obvious that poppy cultivation
and production considerably fall in Myanmar according to opium yield survey of
UN and CNC and illicit crops monitoring programme of UNDOC. It is accepted as
However, Myanmar was accused
of producing stimulant tablets. Production of stimulant tablets has nothing to
do with opium cultivation. Chemical precursors such as ephedrine, pseudo
ephedrine and caffeine came from neighbouring countries. Rich people from abroad
made the technicians produce the stimulant tablets in mountainous regions.
Over 6.5 tons of ephedrine was
seized in 1999; 2.6 tons in 2000; 3.9 tons in 2001 and 1.7 tons in 2002. Over
58,000 litres of Chemical precursors were seized in 1999; 89,000 litres in 2000;
159,000 litres in 2001 and 29,000 litres in 2002. Over 28.89 million stimulant
tablets were seized in 1999; 26.76 million in 2000; 32.43 million in 2001 and
9.399 million in 2002. Every year seizures increased in number but they
decreased in 2002 because of tight security in the border areas.
The root of the problem is
chemical precursors and all neighbouring countries are to make efforts for
prevention of precursors. Myanmar hosted a meeting on control of chemical
precursors in January 2003 in cooperation with Myanmar, China, India and UNODC.
The meeting discussed difficulties faced in Myanmar, exchange of information and
technical assistance. A seminar on control of chemical precursors between law
enforcement officers of Myanmar and India will be held in Moreh under the
sponsorship of UNDOC at the end of this month. Information was exchanged at
grassroots levels in Thailand and central level transnational meetings and
cooperation is being promoted by opening offices of liaison officers. It shows
how Myanmar is serious on stimulant tablets issue.
Then, Vice-Chairman of CCDAC
Minister for PBANRDA Col Thein Nyunt explained the cultivation of poppy
substitute crops in Shan State (East) and Wa region, assistance for cultivation
of perennial crops and raising of pigs, assistance rendered to drug addict
rehabilitation centres, creation of job opportunities for local people and
cultivation of buckwheat as a poppy substitute crop and export of buckwheat in
respective years. CCDAC member Minister for Labour U Tin Winn explained matters
on formation of anti-narcotics associations and discussions with local people
over eradication of drugs in Tachilek and Monghsat Districts, Shan State (East),
findings in success of cultivation of poppy substitute crops, and conditions of
education, communication and transportation. CCDAC member Minister for SWRR Maj-Gen
Sein Htwa explained matters related to conducting educative courses in
rehabilitation centres in Yangon, Mandalay, Myit-kyina, Lashio, Namlatt (Taunggyi),
Tachilek, Shwepyitha and Shwepyiaye youth rehabilitation camps and participation
of trainees in the courses. Secretary of CCDAC Director-General of Myanmar
Police Force Brig-Gen Khin Yi explained implementation of the minutes of
Special Meeting (3/2002) of CCDAC.
the chairmen and secretaries of Supervisory Group for CCDAC working groups,
working group for cultivation of poppy substitute crops, livestock breeding
working group, working group for medical treatment, working group for
dissemination of knowledge among youth, working group for organizing the public,
rehabilitation working group, working group for international relations, and
working group for prevention and control of narcotic drugs reported on works
being carried out and future tasks. Those present also took part in the
The Secretary-1 then made
concluding remarks. He said Myanmar’s anti-narcotics endeavours have practically
been successful according to the reports of the officials. Poppy cultivation was
an evil legacy that Myanmar had tried to solve throughout the periods.
Anti-narcotic endeavours have been successful with the cooperation of local
people and national race leaders in border areas under the leadership of the
The suppression of the danger
of stimulant tablets will meet success only through the cooperation with
neighbouring countries. Hence, prevention of the in-flow of chemical precursors
required in making stimulant tablets and prevention of the smuggling the
stimulant tablets out of the country will be carried out harmoniously. In
conclusion, he called for continued efforts for accelerating the momentum in the
anti-drug movement by decreasing the poppy cultivation and opium production
while raising the momentum in suppressing the stimulant tablets. The meeting
2.75 acres of
poppy fields destroyed
4 March — A combined team comprising members of Tatmadawmen, local intelligence
unit and Myanmar Police Force on 19 February destroyed 2.75 acres of poppy
plantation and two huts 500 yards from Naungkham deserted Village, Napon
Village-tract in Kyaukme Township, Shan State (North).
A total of 1,184.33 acres of
poppy fields had been destroyed up to 25 February.