Presentation By Pol. Col. Ngwe Soe Tun, Joint Secretary of CCDAC at The
Sixth Destruction Of Narcotic Drugs Seized By Law Enforcement Agencies.
Chariman of CCDAC and members, Secretary-1 of SLORC and Department Heads, Resident Representatives of the United Nations Agencies, Diplomats, Military Attaches, Local and Foreign Journalists and Invited Guests,
First, I would like to introduce my self to you. I am Joint Secretary of
CCDAC well as Director of CCDAC and Law Enforcement Department of People's
Police Force. I am going to present two portions at this significant ceremony.
The first deals with the policy and measures regarding drugs enforcement activities during the four-year period from 18 September 1988 to 17 September 1992, laid down and taken by Army after the assumption of the State responsibilities.
The second part is related to today's destruction of narcotic drugs which will presented by Pol. Col. Maung Maung Than, Commander of the Criminal Investigation Department as well as member of Law Enforcement Sector, responsible for the analysis, storage and destruction of narcotic drugs.
As first part, there are two objectives towards our policy in drug abuse control. The first Objective is that as the border areas and national races become developed, the cultivation of opium poppy will gradually be eradicated.
The questions where and how many, poppy plantations are cultivated and who involves in cultivation in our country are frequently asked. Please permit me to answer officially these questions at this ceremony.
Most of the poppy plantations are grown along the border areas in the east
our country such as Myanmar/ China, Myanmar/ Laos and Myanmar/ Thailand
borders. Myanmar is connected with the areas of China in 1,357- mile length,
while connected with Laos in 146-mile length and Myanmar/ Thailand in 1,314
mile length. The total length of the border areas is 2,817 miles connected
with the neighbouring countries. Out of such over three thousand miles in
length of border areas, opium poppy cultivation can be found in some areas in
the east of Myitkyina and Banmaw in Shan ite, Kokang region, Wa region, east
of Kengtung, Mongyawng and southern Mongtong, Mongsat regions in Shan State.
In some inner areas, a few poppy fields can be found cultivated. As based on
the ground reconnaissance, a total of 65,568.14 acres of opium poppy is grown
in 1991-92 season. During that period, 2,550 acres in Kokang region 13,286
acres in Wa region have been destroyed while 3,113 acres have been eliminated
the other regions. Thus, we can destroy 8,949 acres of poppy fields (nearly
ten thousand) in this season.
In order to know accurate data on how many poppy fields are cultivated, it is better to use modern techniques rather than only ground reconnaissance.
In our country, it is estimated that there will be over 0.3 million of poppy growers, who are hilltribe national races, living in the border areas. The problem they are mainly facing is how to get their subsistence without growing opium poppy. Otherwise, what we have to give priority on them is to provide their subsistence, to change ideology and to develop their knowledge for their new lives.
In this regard, the Commander in Chief, General Than Shwe (former Chief of Staff Army) gave a guideline to the delegation to the Special Session of Commission on Narcotic Drugs, led by Col. Thura Pe Aung on 3rd. of December 1989.
He said, "In the hilly regions, opium poppy was cultivated not only for money but also for traditional medicinal purpose. They had no willing to grow other crops rather than opium poppy which is easy to carry and to earn money in a short term. The destruction of poppy fields may cause to the hatred of the national races and to the disintegration of national unity. Thus, the insurgent groups can easily organize them. We, therefore, have to make feasible integration of their living standard. This will also lead to the effective crop substitution. In doing so, we should make plans for their easiness to earn money by short-term plan rather than long-term plans. During the period of short-term plan, the State should take responsibilities for their livelihood. On the other hand, agricultural techniques and supports for their socioeconomic development should be provided. The success by short-term plans should be kept continuous by the long-term plans. Thus, they will give up poppy growing gradually. We, formerly, had been living with the national races in the frontiers and had supported their socioeconomic needs. So, as much as we can implement the development programmes for the poppy growers, the poppy growing will gradually be eliminated and narcotic drugs will be eradicated".
Recognizing this, border areas and national races development programmes have been initiated in five States and one Division since 25th of May 1989 forming the central committee. Recently, it has been reformed as a Ministry and marked as a main task of the State for border areas and national races development.
Statistically, the State has invested kyats 1.025 million for the border areas and national races development during the period from 1989 to 1992. It has opened
It has already distributed mules for 14 times. Altogether,
Along the roads,
It has also opened
The State has also assigned duties to 1,749 government officials in border areas.
The estimate has been approved to spend 890.29 million kyats for the period
between 1992 and 1996. Thus you can vibidly see momentum gained by our efforts
for the development of border areas and national races during such a
With the satisfaction on our efforts, UNDP collaborated with us in the opment programme of border areas and national races under the three year project. Project areas are Kokang, Wa and east of Kengtung areas. UNDP contributed 0.68 US dollars and Myanmar's input is 2.06 million kyats.
Likewise, Myanmar Agriculture Service has made an agreement with UNDP rural development Programmes in Kokang, Wa and east July 1991. Under the agreement, UNDP will provide at Myanmar will put 1.7 million kyats in the project.
Crop substitution and livestock breeding programmes are taken as follows. In Kokang, Wa and east of Kengtung regions,
In model stations, there cultivated
Sixty-eight training courses have been conducted for the 4,200 farmers.
14,540 acres have been developed and 28,483 acres of annual crops and 3,352
acres of perennial crops have been cultivated. Coffee research has been made
on 60 acres in Pyin-oo-lwin and tea research has been made on 58 acres in
Livestock farms are established in Loikaw, Heho, Naungcho, Taryaw, Phekon, Kengtung, Lashio and Kuniong. Forward stations have been established in Mawpha, Mongma, Mongyu, Silu and Sinkyaue. 21,985 poultry, 599 pigs, 219 cattle and 38 mules are raised in these farms. From these farms, 96,447 poultry, 1,495 pigs, 205 cattle and 3 donkeys have been distributed to the farmers.
Cultivation of poppy, production of heroin and trafficking were formerly run by the insurgent groups. The areas which I have presented were, in those days, influenced by the insurgent groups. But, sirce 1989, the leaders of national races have driven the insurgent groups away and joined hands with us for the development of their regions.
Under the supervision of the Committee for Border Areas and National Races Development, the national races and their leaders have laid down and implemented 6 years plan in Kokang region and 10-year plan in Wa region for the eradication of narcotic drugs.
Otherwise, we are taking these measures in line with the following three main causes;
Such unity of the national races has led to the destruction of narcotic
drug refineries and chemicals by the national races on their volition. Such
ceremonies h been held for four times, while convening destruction of poppy
fields for three times. The national races in Kokang areas have uncovered
three refineries during the said per These have been witnessed by the
personnel from UN Agencies, diplcfnats and speci invited foreign journalists
who have become to know the truth. Oui efforts prove self-help basis in wiping
out narcotic drugs, without depending on others. Now, we gain beneficiaries
from our own efforts which have been taken by ourselves without blaming on
The 17th Special Session on Narcotic Drugs of United Nations General Assembly had passed a resolution to cooperate and coordinate each other in combating narcotic drugs. In accordance with this resolution, we have signed agreements to collaborate with the i;eighbouring countries such as China and Thailand on 12 June 1992. In near future, such agreement will be signed between us and Laos and bilateral cooperation will be carried out between us and India. The three-year project will begin in January 1993 in Silu, Pangkai, Mongla and Ahdee, Sanlu areas in Shan State under the projects-Myanmar/China and Myanmar/ Thailand. The objectives of the projects are to eradicate narcotic drop along the border areas and to carry out development programme in the remote areas. For the two projects, the United Nations will provide 12 million US dollars.
The accession to the 1988 United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances has been deposited on 11 June 1991 to the Secretary General of the United Nations. This proves our international cooperative efforts.
The second objective, I would like to present is to eradicate narcotic drugs as a national duty under the multi-sectorial basis. There stands Law Enforcement Sector under the CCDAC. The Task Force Units in Yangon, Mandalay, Lashio, Taunggyi and Kengtung were established-in 1985 and they were put under the command of the Divisional and State Police Commanders. After 18 September 1988, the operational command of Task Force Units was put under the People's Police Force Headquarters. Furthermore, Task Force Units in Monywa, Katha, Kalay in 1988, four Task Force Units in Myitkyina, Yangon Airport Sittwe and Myeik in 1989, two units in Pathein and Mawlamying in 1990 and one unit in Homelin in 1991 have been extended on self-help Operations Yeminaiang phase I, II, Nemin, Gonban, Tagun phase I to VI have been carried out by these Task Force Units. Such operations have gained momentum in a certain extent.
The seizures made during the four years period, which have been released radio and in newspapers are
The Second part which deals with the destruction of narcotic drugs fromerly resently will be presented by Pol. Col. Maung Maung Than who is a member of enforcement Sector under the CCDAC.
I am Pol. Col. Maung Maung Than, Commander of Criminal Investigation Department and member of Law Enforcement Sector under the CCDAC.
Today, the narcotic drugs, to be destroyed at the Sixth Exhibition on Destruction of Narcotic Drugs are;
Such exhibitions have been held since 13th of February 1990 and now for six times at this same place. Altogether
Similarly, according to the programme of supply reduction by national races i the border areas, the ceremony has been held for seven times. Altogether
Up date, the destruction totals 13 times-- six times in Yangon and seven times in border areas--. At those ceremonies,
The Criminal Investigation Department is carrying out the measures with
regard registration of the drug-related offenders, finding out the previous
offences, analysis f narcotic drugs seized by law enforcement agencies,
storage of drugs deposited by the tate and Division People's Police Force,
management of deposited drugs and destruction etc.
The narcotic drugs to be destroyed in this exhibition are those deposited up 31st of October 1992, including over five thousand kilos of opium.
Please may I conclude, declaring that the narcotic drugs seized by law enforceent agencies will be destroyed like this in future, whenever the Opportunity permits us.